Romanian national legislation
The Government Ordinance 43/2000 on the protection of the archaeological heritage and the declaration of archaeological sites as areas of national interest and the Law 422/2001 on the protection of historical monuments are the principal legislative acts in Romania affecting issues concerning ARCHEDANUBE project.
A site is defined as topographically delimited land comprising those human creations in a natural setting that are significant cultural-historical testimonies from the architectural, urban, archaeological, historical, artistic, ethnographic, religious, social, scientific, technical or cultural landscape (Law 422/2001, Article 3 letter c.).
An archaeological site is declared an area of national interest means the area of priority archaeological interest established on the territory comprising archaeological sites whose scientific research, protection and enhancement are of exceptional importance for national history and culture, through material evidence, movable or immovable property that is or is proposed to be part of the category Treasure of the movable national cultural heritage or, as the case may be, of the category of historical monuments in the World Heritage List (OG 43/2000, Article 2 letter i).
Historical monuments are classified as follows (Law 422/2001, Article 8 (1) letters a and b):
a) in group A - historical monuments of national and universal value;
b) in group B - historical monuments representative for the local cultural heritage.
You can find out more about the legislation in Romania in the BASELINE STUDY prepared by the project partners.